Russian Federation treaty on nukes provides critical security

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken announced the treaty extension on Feb 3 2021

"Our government's assessment is that this agreement will contribute to the strengthening of the worldwide nonproliferation regime based on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and global peace and stability", the ministry said in a press release.

"I think on Russia, his (Biden's) call to (Russian) President (Vladimir) Putin.is clear evidence of exactly that".

The Russian foreign ministry said in a statement that the diplomatic notes needed to formally extend New START had been exchanged on Wednesday.

The treaty, signed in 2010 by President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, limits the number of USA and Russian strategic nuclear weapons.

Since the signing of the treaty, Russian Federation has announced the development and deployment of several missiles that pose serious challenges to USA missile defenses, including a nuclear missile with a virtually unlimited range, the Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile, and the Avangard glide vehicle.

The accord obliges both sides to reduce deployed strategic nuclear warheads to no more than 1,550.

The State Department's announcement of the five-year extension comes one week after the Russian parliament voted unanimously to extend the treaty, Politico reported Wednesday.

The accord isn't flawless and isn't comprehensive to all nukes, in part because the Trump administration unwisely pulled out of two other key pacts: the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and the Open Skies Treaty. He noted that the Biden administration would also pursue a broader nuclear arms control pact with Russian Federation. New START also does not include China, a growing, albeit much smaller, nuclear power. That's after the Trump administration pulled out of two other such deals, as part of a broad withdrawal from global accords.

Blinken called the extension a "welcome step" and "the start of our efforts to pursue effective arms control that lowers the risks of war and helps prevent arms races".

U.S. President Joe Biden, who was sworn in on January 20, acted quickly to extend the treaty, after his predecessor Donald Trump tried in vain to tie it to three-way talks with China covering its far smaller arsenal.

Before his election as president, Joe Biden in his campaign platform had already committed to extending New START without condition, which made the Kremlin unlikely to agree to a deal with additional stipulations by the Trump administration until after the Nov.3 election.

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