"Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam", Says PM At Assembly Of World's Largest Fusion Reactor

Interactive ITER nuclear fusion- infographic

Its partners are the European Union, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the United States.

French President Emmanuel Macron hailed ITER as a "promise of peace" because it brings together countries that made a decision to forego differences for the "common good".

Scientists have successfully achieved fusion, but it has only been done for short periods of time and has not produced more energy than needed to make the fusion reaction occur.

The project aims to build the world's largest tokamak or a magnetic fusion reactor for large-scale and carbon-free source of energy.

The ITER machine, the world's largest science project, is being assembled to replicate the fusion power of the sun that provides light and warmth and enables life on earth.

The European Parliament voted on Tuesday (15 January) to extend the funding of an experimental fusion power reactor through to 2027, although some MEPs are still concerned about the multi-billion euro moon-shot that could revolutionise the way power is generated.

ITER is the largest science project in history.

"Practical fusion energy will be one of the greatest achievements in human history, and ITER is a critical step on the road to get there", said GA Vice President of Magnetic Fusion Energy Tony Taylor.

In late May, the 1,250-ton soup bowl-shaped cryostat base - the heaviest single piece - of the ITER was positioned in the so-called tokamak pit near Cadarache in southern France, marking the official start of the main equipment installation of the largest global scientific research cooperation project in the world, a Chinese group participating in the project had told Xinhua.

At the end of 2016, ITER chief Bernard Bigot told reporters he expected first plasma in December 2025 and full power by 2035, although he said that schedule was challenging.

Scientific attache of the South Korean Embassy Lee Eun-ju sits with other representatives of the ITER member states during the launch of the assembly stage of nuclear fusion machine "Tokamak" of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in Saint-Paul-les-Durance, southeastern France, on July 28, 2020.

Fusion - dubbed a "miracle for our planet" - uses easy-to-source fuel and provides cheap, clean and safe energy without radioactive waste, or the risk of meltdown.

"The base was placed into its position with very high precision".

Deuterium and tritium can be found in the ocean and in fresh water, with pineapple-size deuterium-tritium fuel having the same amount of energy as 10,000 tons of coal. It is abundant enough to supply humanity for millions of years.

The ITER aspires to produce about 500 megawatts of thermal power, which equates to around 200 megawatts of electric energy, which can supply energy to 200,000 homes.

If the technology proves feasible, future fusion reactors would be capable of powering two million homes each at an operational cost comparable to those of conventional nuclear reactors, Bigot said.



Other news