NASA’s Mars 2020 rover will seek signs of ancient life

The Lander and Orbiter separate in Martian orbit ahead of the planned April 2021 landing

China has launched its first independent Mars exploration mission. The next launch will be NASA's Perseverance Mars rover from Cape Canaveral scheduled on July 30. The Long March-5 rocket was used for launching at the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site, located in Wenchang, Hainan, China.

After a soft landing, the 240-kilogram six-wheel rover will traverse the Martian surface and collect data on soil and rock composition.

Earlier this week, UAE launched its first interplanetary mission known as the Hope Mars Mission.

This will be especially critical if Perseverance stumbles across some thing that hints at the existence of past lifetime on the planet - one particular of the mission's fantastic quests. These samples will then be brought back to Earth by a future mission.

It will deploy a rover called Perseverance, the biggest, heaviest, most advanced vehicle sent to the Red Planet by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

Meanwhile, NASA is getting ready for its own Mars liftoff, which has been pushed back to July 30 (the launch can take place as late as August 15 if the weather does not cooperate).

The rover's journey began at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, the place the automobile was constructed earlier than being totally examined in preparation for its hard Mars mission.

Regarding the Tianwen-1 mission, Ouyang explained that both an orbiter and rover would be sent to explore the "Red Planet".

The rock's regarded properties will act as a calibration focus on to benchmark the workings of a rover instrument.

This time, China launched on the same mission an orbiter and an exploration probe.

Despite elevated political tensions between the us and China, "I don't think these missions have anything to do with dominance [of space]", Logsdon said.

A high-performance deep-space communications network is also necessary to deal with the demanding tasks of sending and receiving signals between the control center and the probe, he added.

Going to Mars is a giant technological leap from lunar projects, according to Hou, who is not directly involved with the Tianwen-1 mission. Five years later, the US made it look easy when NASA's Viking landers successfully touched, spending years returning pioneering data. For example, NASA's Mars InSight lander has gathered the first direct evidence of martian earthquakes, but it's also spent over a year trying to drill more than a couple inches beneath the martian surface.

China's space program has developed rapidly in recent decades.

This is not the first time that China has tried to go to Mars.

"When arriving in the vicinity of Mars, it is very critical to decelerate", he warned. "We wish to understand how Mars formed, how it evolved as a planetary system and what all of that can tell us about our own planet, our solar system and our place in the universe".

The same institution said that the laboratory will continue to be involved in work on the internal structure of Mars, the frozen water reserves, the surface and space environment, as well as research on extraterrestrial life.

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