Boris Johnson's Brexit Bill given Royal Assent by the Queen

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson visits the Pavegen stand a company that converts footsteps into energy at the Innovation Zone during the UK-Africa Investment Summit in London

The bill will become law when it receives Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth.

"We are faced with a situation which is completely unprecedented when the government in Edinburgh, Belfast and in Cardiff has not given consent to this Act of Parliament, and that completely contravenes the devolution settlement that made it clear that the consent of the devolved administrations had to be given in Bills of Parliament that become Acts of Parliament that involve the devolved administrations", he told MPs in the House of Commons.

The House of Lords had tried to amend the Brexit legislation to enhance EU citizens' rights in Britain, allow judges - rather than ministers - to decide on the use of rulings by European Courts, and to ensure unaccompanied refugee children can join family in the UK.

The promise was made in 2018 by former British Prime Minister Theresa May, but it was removed from the Brexit legislation after Johnson's Conservatives won a big parliamentary majority in an election last month.

Johnson returned as May's successor in July a year ago and has since managed to negotiate his own deal with Brussels and regain the government's control of parliament in a risky early election last month.

One amendment sought to alter the government's scheme to register around 3.6 million European Union citizens living in Britain, to give them physical documents proving their right to stay.

"At times it felt like we would never cross the Brexit finish line, but we've done it", Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.

But the Brexit Secretary Steve Barclay told the Commons: "Primary legislation can not deliver the best outcomes for these children as it can not guarantee that we reach an agreement". The landscape transformed after the December 2019 snap poll, which handed Boris Johnson a thumping 80-seat majority largely on the back of his Brexit agenda.

The European Parliament's constitutional affairs committee begins its consideration of the Withdrawal Agreement tomorrow afternoon, with a final vote on the agreement expected on Wednesday, 29 January in Brussels.

The UK will officially leave the 27-member bloc at 11.00 GMT on 31 January - more than three and a half years after the country voted for Brexit in a referendum in June 2016.

The Brexit deal will mean that Northern Ireland will continue to follow European Union rules on agricultural and manufactured goods, while the rest of the United Kingdom will not.

This arrangement will come to an end on 1 January 2021, by which point the two sides hope to have completed negotiations on their future economic and security partnership, at the heart of which the government believes will be an ambitious free trade deal.

The wrangling will not stop the Brexit bill from becoming law within days, because the House of Commons can override the unelected Lords.

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