Boeing Proposes 'Fewest Steps to Moon' for NASA's Human Lander

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Boeing is one of the companies, along with SpaceX, that NASA has chosen to build spacecraft to shuttle astronauts to the ISS.

It's not alone. Jeff Bezos' space technology company, Blue Origin, is also reportedly competing to design and develop the human lunar landing system for NASA and its Moon mission - Artemis.

The samples preserve the vertical layering of the lunar soil storing information on landslides and volatiles trapped beneath the Moon's surface.

Using the more powerful block 1B variant of the SLS, Boeing says a lunar landing can been carried out with just five "mission critical events" instead of almost a dozen required by competing designs that might require the use of Gateway and multiple launches with less-powerful commercial rockets. Whether serving in NASA's 2024 or 2025 mission slot, Boeing's approach maximizes return from agency investments in previous and ongoing programs to allow for the simplest and therefore highest probability path back to the lunar surface.

In Greek mythology Artemis was the goddess of the moon and the twin sister of Apollo.

It has been 50 years since three courageous men (pictured is Buzz Aldrin) stepped on the moon - and according to NASA, our return is just around the corner.

Spacebit is the latest private company to join the commercial space race to the Moon and beyond.

They will dock Orion at the "Lunar Gateway" - a space station that NASA plans to put into orbit around the Moon by 2022 - where they will live and work. After docking with a small, remotely assembled space station known as Gateway, two astronauts would transfer to a commercially-built lander and descend to a touchdown near the moon's south pole. The Boeing HLS is capable of docking with the Gateway lunar orbiter or directly with NASA's Orion, eliminating the need for additional craft.

The spacecraft completed a successful pad abort test earlier this week and it is due to participate in an upcoming Orbital Flight Test to the ISS later next month.

There will be two lander contracts available.

Today marked the deadline for submissions.

Boeing's design relies on NASA's exploration backbone, the SLS rocket now in production at NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF). The new authorization bill, as an alternative, suggests the Moon ought to play an vital part in getting ready NASA for its total approach of sending individuals to Mars. Artemis will also make history by landing the first woman on the Moon.

Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong on to the surface of the moon.

The Apollo 12 crew experienced two lightning strikes just after their Saturn V rocket launched.

"I grew up on the stories of Apollo, they inspired me to pursue a career in space and now I have an opportunity to contribute to the studies that are enabling the next missions to the Moon", said Charis Krysher, the lunar sample processor who opened the core.

John Young and Charles Duke were the next men to walk on the moon. The Descent Element remains on the moon having already performed its role of flying the crew from lunar orbit to the surface.

Before he left the moon, Cernan scratched the initials of his daughter Tracy into the lunar regolith.

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