Morning Rounds: Measles outbreak and vaccine safety

John Hernandez 4 cries as he receives a measles vaccination on Jan. 22 1977 during an outbreak

Dr. Eric McDonald is the director of immunization and epidemiology at San Diego County Health and Human Services and is urging San Diegans who have not had their measles vaccine to get it.

The Idaho Statesman reports there is a measles outbreak in Clark County, Washington, across the Columbia River from Portland, Oregon, with at least 43 confirmed cases.

De Guzman expressed concerns over the "alarming" number of measles cases, noting that patients now have to share beds for the hospital to accommodate all of them. In its new year message for 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) cited vaccine hesitancy as one of the world's top 10 global health threats, alongside air pollution and climate change, noncommunicable diseases, global influenza pandemic, and dengue, among others.

The only details about the three infected individuals that have been released is that two are young boys under the age of 2 and the third is a woman between the ages of 25 and 35 years old. Clark County officials said that a majority of the patients affected, 41, were not vaccinated. For information about other measles cases in Washington, visit the Washington State Department of Health measles webpage. "However, it is easily preventable".

The belief that the measles is just a mild childhood disease is not true.

With 47 cases confirmed in the Pacific Northwest, health experts say the solution to stopping the spread is very simple: the vaccine works and if you're not sure if you've had it, a blood test can determine if you're immune.

NY has also seen an outbreak that started in the fall of 2018 and has continued into 2019. If you attended the Detroit auto show press preview days January 13-15, you may have been exposed to rubella, also known as the German measles, the state Department of Health and Human Services said.

The report also indicated that around 70 percent of children age 13 to 17 were vaccinated against four common strains of meningococcal disease.

The MMR vaccine is one of two immunizations recommended by the federal government to help prevent measles.

People may have been exposed to the unsafe disease at more than three dozen locations, many in neighboring OR, such as Portland International Airport and the Moda Center, home to the Portland Trail Blazers. It is extremely important to have the child fully immunized as soon as possible. It is used as an oral supplement in people with poor or severely limited diets or in those who have a condition that increases the need for vitamin A, such as pancreatic or eye disease. Before the vaccine's introduction in 1963, there were four million measles cases in the US every year, with 48,000 hospitalizations and 500 deaths. There are large measles outbreaks ongoing in both of those countries. If everyone receives the vaccine with proper doses, herd immunity is achieved.

Incubation for measles is usually 7 to 21 days. If left untreated, encephalitis, a potentially fatal inflammation of the brain, can develop.

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