The candidates who made history at the 2018 U.S. midterm elections

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez wins election to New York’s 14th congressional district

Iowa has sent women to the Senate and governor's mansions, but never to the House of Representatives.

Her victory in the USA midterm elections on Monday makes her the youngest woman ever to win election to Congress.

US Representative Elise Stefanik, a Republican representing upstate NY, was previously the youngest woman when she was elected in 2014 at age 30. They will join four other female veterans now serving in Congress.

The 29-year-old New York Democrat skyrocketed into the national spotlight earlier this year after a grassroots campaign and primary victory over 10-term incumbent Rep. Joseph Crowley.

If more than 84 of those women candidates won on Tuesday, it would set a record for the number of women serving in the House. Women were 21 points more likely to vote for Democrats than Republicans in House races - 60 percent voted for Democrats, to 38 percent who voted for Republicans.

Texas has elected its first Hispanic woman to Congress, with Democrats Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia winning their house seats. They also picked up two more firsts for Congress: Tlaib is the first-ever Palestinian-American and Omar the first Somalian-American to serve in that office.

U.S. Rep. Elise Stefanik, a Republican representing upstate NY, was previously the youngest, elected in 2014 at age 30.

Colorado voters chose Democratic US Representative Jared Polis to serve as their next governor, making him the first openly gay man to be elected to serve as the chief executive of a US state.

These new records represent the culmination of a record-setting year for female candidates.

Democrats won women's vote for Congress by 19 points, with 59 per cent voting Democrat and 40 per cent voting Republican - the largest margin seen in midterm exit polls, according to data from CNN. Democracy Now! was there with The Intercept for our special election broadcast.

Deb Haaland, also a Native American, was also elected a congresswoman.

She ran alongside Republican Rep. Ron DeSantis, who beat Democrat Andrew Gillum in a high profile race that was one of the most closely watched nationally. Women not only ran for office at an unprecedented rate, several knocked off white male incumbents during their party primaries. Tlaib, a former member of the Michigan House of Representatives, faced two opponents in the race: Green Party candidate D. Etta Wilcoxon and Working Class Party candidate Sam Johnson.

Around 80 per cent of the women candidates in this election were defending their seats, and around 70 per cent held them.

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