Italian Prime Minister is going to resign

Премьер Италии идет в отставку

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, too, formed the Federal government in December 2017 with the help of far-Right Freedom Party. The anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S), which had already affirmed itself in 2013 as Italy's single-largest party, further strengthened its position, earning more than 32 per cent of the vote. Its share of the vote, which had reached 41% at the 2014 European elections, collapsed to 19%. They barely went beyond the 3% quota needed to enter parliament. Forza Italia will have taken 104 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (House) and 57 in the Senate.

Amid the rise of German and Italian fascism during the 1930s, Leon Trotsky wrote that the "political situation as a whole is chiefly characterized by a historical crisis of the leadership of the proletariat". The movement was born only four months ago, had nearly no visibility in the national media and ran an electoral campaign with very limited funds. "We reiterate our confidence in the Italian president". Hopefully, this will suppress the worst excesses of the far-right and keep the speculators from attacking one of the eurozone's weakest links - and crucially, one of its biggest economies. As the European capital was waiting for the Italian electoral storm, which became even more violent than expected, there was a hope for a possible Democratic Party/Forza Italia alliance or perhaps for a future government led by Silvio Berlusconi, who was re-accredited as guarantor of moderation and fidelity to the European path of the country.

Such a coalition would undoubtedly be appreciated by reactionaries and conservatives.

Populist, Eurosceptic parties performed well in Sunday's Italian election, with the Five Star Movement and the League party now battling to form a majority government after the election yielded a hung parliament.

However, the M5S and the League also have several points of disagreement. These betrayals have repulsed workers and young people, and-in the absence of a true Marxist and socialist alternative-driven desperate sections of the population to vote for parties such as the M5S and Lega. And both Five Star and the League are pro-Russia.

Such a scenario would bring together two Euroskeptic parties, and it is not hard to explain why so many Italians are resentful of the European Union leadership in Brussels.

At the moment, Salvini seems to prefer focusing on consolidating his leading role within the Italian right over the risks that come with compromising with another political force. "This is very clearly a negative result for us", he said. Mr Renzi resigned as leader of the PD on Monday.

"The country can not wait for long negotiations".

These elections have a clear and unequivocal meaning: Italy is a nation with strong support for right-wing nationalism and xenophobia.

This is not surprising. The formation of a new government could drag on for months, possibly resulting in new elections.

But what has truly happened in reality to enable what Di Maio of the 5 Star Movement considered to be the start of the Third Republic, which will be the Republic of the Citizens? Its external competitiveness has improved, banks have stabilized and trials have accelerated, argues newspaper, which also emphasizes record established by Government in terms of fiscal discipline that allowed Italy to reduce its debt. Berlusconi's party fell to under 14 percent. In the coming days and weeks, Italy will have to work hard, looking for a new government, which could really lead the country.

However, there is little reason to be optimistic. The most likely allegiances between different political entities were disregarded. Salvini wants the job for himself. Di Maio, for his part, has repeatedly attacked the NGOs who rescue immigrants in the Mediterranean Sea as "sea taxis founded by criminal organisations". The EU's immigration policy and failure to tackle unemployment have been blamed for the M5S success. A defect of Italian politics, especially in the south, has always been the role of patronage-voters offering support to local power brokers in the hope of jobs, contracts or welfare benefits tapped from the state. The old political establishment has been strongly hit and we now have a new reality of the configuration of political forces.

The trend was even stronger in Europe, where close to 60 percent of Italian voters overseas are concentrated. It is estimated that roughly three quarters of a million refugees and migrants have crossed the Mediterranean from North Africa to Italy in the past seven years.

In a situation where we have huge inequality and social tensions, the left must be able to turn this into a revolutionary demand, thereby preventing the right from exploiting and worsening these phenomena.

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