Google honours British chemist Perkin with sketch doodle on his 180th birthday

Google Honours British Chemist Sir William Henry Perkin Who Accidentally Discovered Synthetic Dye

Today marks the 180th birthday of Sir Willian Henry Perkin and apart from mauveine, he is also known for aniline dye and Perkin triangle.

The discovery of mauveine came at the time when textile industry was at a high. The chemist was just 18-years-old when he discovered the dying process that brought purple clothing to the masses.

Google's Doodle features Perkin, dressed in shades of purple in front of a crowd of people dressed in similarly vivid colors.

The reach of today's Doodle is limited to the United States, west coast of South America, the UK and a few other European countries, India, Japan and Indonesia.

The Doodle shows Sir William Henry Perkin with a bottle of the purple dye on the right of the Doodle, as the letters of the word Google flow through what appear to be men and women from the 19th century wearing clothes dyed in the colour.

Wikipedia said "through failing in trying to synthesise quinine for the treatment of malaria, he became successful in the field of dyes after his first discovery at the age of 18".

However, during the Easter of 1856, when Perkin returned to his home in Cable Street in the East End, his own experiments in his laboratory created something very different.

Perkin was knighted in 1906, an honor for achievement awarded by the British Empire, that's why there is a "Sir" before his name.

Soon after that, more aniline dyes were discovered - some by Perkin himself - and factories sprung up all over Europe.

At the Royal Exhibition of 1862, Queen Victoria herself wore a mauveine-dyed gown. He named it "mauveine" and focused on patenting, manufacturing and commercializing it as an exclusive clothing dye. Perkin patented the product and started manufacturing it in Greenford.



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