Journalists are being jailed for 'fake news,' and critics blame Trump

Journalists are being jailed for 'fake news,' and critics blame Trump

"At the same time, President Donald Trump's nationalistic rhetoric, fixation on Islamic extremism, and insistence on labelling critical media "fake news" serves to reinforce the framework of accusations and legal charges that allow such leaders to preside over the jailing of journalists", it read.

A record number of 262 journalists were jailed for their work in 2017 as of December 1, with Turkey, China and Egypt ranking as the top three gulags, according to the annual report released today by the Committee to Protect Journalists.

The committee also said that its numbers might be an underestimate, because the group only counted cases where there was a clear link between journalists' arrests and their work.

The three countries where the most journalists are imprisoned are Turkey, China and Egypt, the organization said.

The 262 journalists behind bars is an increase from last year's 259. "Shawkan is anemic and needs blood transfusions, but has been denied hospital care, according to his family".

For a second time, more of those imprisoned for their work and are behind bars are from Turkey, China, and Egypt.

Of the 262 names on the 2017 list, 134 (or 51 percent) are behind bars in Turkey, China and Egypt.

The prison census accounts only for journalists in government custody and does not include those who have disappeared or are held captive by non-state groups, such as several Yemeni journalists CPJ believes to be held by the Ansar Allah movement, known as the Houthis. CPJ has been conducting an annual survey of journalists in jail since 1990s.

The crackdown has continued, the advocacy group said, with Turkish authorities accusing some journalists of terrorist activity based exclusively on their reported use of a messaging app, Bylock, or bank accounts at institutions supposedly linked to the coup plotters.

"Far from isolating repressive countries for their authoritarian behaviour, the United States, in particular, has cozied up to strongmen such as Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdo─čan and Chinese President Xi Jinping".

Of the 20 journalists in Egyptian jails, 12 have not been convicted or sentenced for any crime. Other findings indicated that while 97 percent of the journalists are local reporters, 29 percent are freelance writers.

According to the CPJ research, he and his 738 co-accused are charged with possessing weapons, illegal assembly, attempted murder, and murder.

In Gambia, the government of President Adama Barrow has expressed interest in determining what happened to reporter Chief Ebrima Manneh who was arrested in 2006 but had not been seen since at least 2008.

The overwhelming majority, 87 percent, covered political issues, leading CPJ to called politics "by far the most risky beat" in the world.

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