Japanese scientists found on the moon a huge cave

Японский зонд обнаружил на Луне 50-километровую пещеру

Studying GRAIL data, the researchers specifically looked for areas with lower subsurface masses as a means of pinpointing possible lava tubes.

The chasm, 500km (310 miles) long and 100 metres wide, appears to be structurally sound and its rocks may contain ice or water deposits that could be turned into fuel, according to data sent back by the orbiter, nicknamed Kaguya after the moon princess in a Japanese fairytale.

Inside these large holes, humans would be protected from the Sun's unsafe rays, and other hazards.

"It's important to know where and how big lunar lava tubes are if we're ever going to construct a lunar base", emphasized JAXA senior researcher Junichi Haruyama.

A new discovery made by scientists from NASA and JAXA, Japan's space agency, brings the human race one step closer to living on the moon.

Because the moon has no atmosphere and is home to a host of unfriendly occurrences like extreme temperature variation, radiation, and meteorite impacts, astronauts who venture to our nearest neighbor will need to find proper shelter before they can accomplish anything outside of their vehicle. It is, in reality, a lava tube that was developed 3.5 billion years ago due to a volcanic activity. Near the Marius Hills Skylight, an entrance to the tube, they found a distinctive echo pattern: a decrease in echo power followed by a large second echo peak, which they believe is evidence of a tube.

'But knowing these things is also important for basic science.

Lunar lava tubes are formed on surfaces that have a slope and may be as wide as 1,600 ft.

The Marius Hills lava tube could very well be the site of this new age of lunar colonization. That surface forms a "roof" that covers the area beneath it, which becomes hollow once the liquid lava stops flowing and drains out of the tunnels it initially created.

The city of Philadelphia is shown inside a theoretical lunar lava tube. The data was then combined with information from NASA's GRAIL mission, which determined places on the lunar surface with missing or reduced mass. And it's big-extending for several kilometers in length, and at least one kilometer in height and width.

At the first meeting of the National Space Council in decades, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Trump administration will redirect America's focus in space to the moon.

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