USA warns China, Russia to comply on North Korea sanctions

Britain and the US have been taken aback by the acceleration in North Korea's missile programme
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AFP

The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously Monday to impose new restrictive sanctions against North Korea. Russian Federation and China have repeatedly called for the U.S.to dismantle the missile defense system it set up in South Korea known as THAAD, which Haley called "insulting" for their false moral equivalence between the USA and North Korea.

Less than 48 hours after China agreed to vote alongside the United States to impose new sanctions against its trading partner and ally, the U.S. warned Beijing it would look to cut off its access to both the USA financial system and "international dollar system" if it violated the sanctions.

President Donald Trump speaks during a ceremony to mark the anniversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Monday, Sept. 11, 2017, at the Pentagon.

US Treasury Secretary told a conference on Tuesday if China does not follow through on the new sanctions, "we will put additional sanctions on them and prevent them from accessing the US and global dollar system".

The official defended the US mission from critics who say the sanctions were watered down, arguing an early draft from the USA was given to the press to place pressure on any who might seek to soften the sanctions.

In Korea, the conservative opposition Liberty Korea Party is at the forefront of the call for stationing U.S. nukes in the country.

The measure is unlikely to have a significant impact on the North Korean military or nuclear weapons program, according to a report Tuesday by the Nautilus Institute, a think tank that specializes in energy issues.

In order to pressure Beijing and Moscow to do more, the USA has to go after more companies and individuals that are suspected of doing business with the North Korean regime, according to Ruggiero.

Billingslea said the USA is "capable of tracking North Korea's trade on banned goods... and we will act even if China does not".

Lawmakers who spoke Tuesday supported the US pressure tactics, while voicing skepticism that North Korea could be forced into abandon nuclear weapons it regards as a guarantee of survival for the Kim dynasty.

U.S. State Department and Treasury Department officials testified to the House Foreign Affairs Committee about the U.S. pressure campaign against North Korea's rapid progress toward a nuclear weapon that could strike America.

The new sanctions now include a ban on exports of textiles, one of the most important industries in the country.

The reduction in oil sales to North Korea isn't expected to change Kim's calculus.

He did not elaborate, but North Korea frequently vows to destroy the United States.

Assistant Treasury Secretary Marshall Billingslea acknowledged at a House hearing that he had not seen sufficient evidence past sanctions were effective, but defended the administration's strategy.

North Korea on Wednesday criticised the latest set of sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council over its nuclear weapons programme, calling them a heinous provocation and a full-scale economic blockade.

Ms Bishop denied sanctions only stirred the pot when it came to the North Korean leadership. The US, which had pushed an oil embargo, for instance, had to settle for a compromise with China, only setting limits to exports of oil and petroleum products to the North. "We are closing in on North Korea's trade representatives", he said.

She said the sanctions could eventually starve North Korea of an additional $500 million or more in annual revenue. Workers pay a portion of their wages to Pyongyang, likely feeding Kim Jong Un's government more than $1 billion per year.

Trump is likely to make a stop in China in November during his first official visit to Asia.

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