CENSUS: City's income growth outperforms Ontario rate

Canadian incomes jump but Ontario residents hit by manufacturing downturn: Statistics Canada

Same-sex households continue to have a higher median income than heterosexual ones.

Windsor has the highest rate of children living in low-income households, and the largest decline of household income of any large urban city in Canada, according to a Statistics Canada analysis of the 2016 census released Wednesday morning.

The more children a household has, the more likely it is to be low-income, according to the census data.

But the latest income figures, based on tax data from 2015, also illustrate the regional and societal disparities the five-year census always seems to expose: commodity riches in the West, job shortages in Atlantic Canada, manufacturing woes in Ontario and Quebec - and a persistent, if narrowing, wage gap between working women and men.

But if you're in an opposite-sex relationship, your median income was only $87,605. And the younger a child is, the more likely they are to be living in poverty - something Statistics Canada says is linked to new mothers' earnings typically dropping the year that they give birth and for several years thereafter.

In hard-hit Windsor, Ont., the child poverty rate topped out at 24 per cent, the highest of any Canadian municipality, as a result of a deep and persistent decline in the manufacturing sector.

That means 4.8 million Canadians were living in a low-income household in 2015, some 1.2 million of them children.

In fact, Quebec came in second to last in the country for household income. Canada Without Poverty (CWP), a national charitable organization dedicated to the elimination of poverty, sees the data as an indication that, while the low-income rate has decreased in some areas like Newfoundland and Labrador, it is still at critical levels across the country, with 14.2% of people in Canada living in low-income.

This is due to the province's huge growth in median incomes - 29 per cent over 10 years, said Heisz. "But they aren't necessarily catching up either", Heisz said. "There could be differences in government transfers".

"Much of the action (on income) is because of the Prairies, not as much because of the traditional engines of growth, which are Ontario and Quebec". The organization was created in 1971 as an outcome of the Poor People's Conference, a national gathering of low-income individuals, under the name National Anti-Poverty Organization (NAPO).

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