India's first womb transplant conducted

The surgeons will retrieve the uterus using a laparoscopic technique which is expected to shorten the duration of the procedure

The uterus was transplanted from a 44-year-old woman from Solapur into her 21-year-old daughter, who was unable to conceive. A team of 12 doctors at the Pune's Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute (GCLI) will perform the procedure on her.

Why should donors and recipients go through all the physical stress when there is an easier way to have genetically-related children, such as surrogacy, which is legal and widely-accepted.

The team of doctors headed by Dr Shailesh Puntambekar, a cancer surgeon, is now performing the second uterine transplant at their 100-bed Pune facility.

In a nine-hour surgery, doctors at Galaxy Care laparoscopy Institute on Thursday performed India's first uterus transplant on a woman from Kolhapur who was born without a uterus. Dr Sanjeev Jadhav, who has done heart, lung and kidney transplants, assisted Puntambekar. The first words of Dr Shailesh Puntambekar, head of surgery, were: "The surgery was successful and we are ecstatic". It took India 11 years to perform the same surgery, which was undertaken at King Edward Memorial Hospital at Mumbai in May 1965. A 26-year-old woman, whose uterus was dysfunctional following multiple miscarriages, is the second patient in India to undergo the experimental procedure.

Since the nerves are not transplanted with the uterus, the mother-to-be does not feel the baby kicking in her womb.

The donor was the patient's mother and the uterus was removed via a laparoscopic surgery. Not all transplantations result in the women conceiving.

"What is planned in Pune is a risky escapade of surgical cowboys wanting to be the first in their country and to get (worldwide) publicity and fame easy", Dr Mats Brännström, who led the world's first womb transplant in Sweden in 2012, told Hindustan Times.

According to Dr. Mats Brännström, a professor of obstetrics and gynaecology at Sweden's University of Gothenburg, only six babies have ever been delivered from a uterus transplant - two from the same mother.

The first womb transplantation was carried out in Sweden in 2012.

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