Does Pakistan Have More Nuclear Warheads Than India?

Pakistan's nuclear arsenal will significantly increase over next decade

The institute said global nuclear arsenals have been shrinking since their Cold War-peak of almost 70,000 warheads in the mid-1980s, mainly due to sharp cuts in Russian and us nuclear forces.

On the contrary, India is said to have about 100-120 nuclear warheads.

The United States and Russian Federation, which are the biggest nuclear powers, are slowly reducing their arsenals but modernizing their capacities, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute warned yesterday.

"The data shows that while the overall number of nuclear weapons in the world continues to decline, none of the nuclear weapon-possessing states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the foreseeable future", SIPRI said.

Currently, Russia is estimated to have 7,290 nuclear weapons, followed by United States with 7,000 - these nukes make 93% of total nuclear weapons in the world.

According to the SIPRI estimate, nearly 15,400 nuclear weapons were under the control of nine countries as of January this year. The USA, for example, plans to spend Dollars 348 billion during 2015-24 on maintaining and comprehensively updating its nuclear forces. Some estimates say the cost might reach $1 trillion over the next thirty years.

The experts, however, said it was unclear if Pyongyang had produced operational weapons. Assuming that each nuclear weapon would require five kilograms of plutonium or 15 kilograms of HEU, with existing stockpiles of fissile material India could theoretically construct up to 120 weapons, while Pakistan could construct up to 240.

While the overall number nuclear weapons owned by nine states declined during 2015, Pakistan increased its stockpile significantly by adding some more short-range missiles in the previous year, an global observer body noted.

The report concluded that the prospects worldwide for "genuine progress towards nuclear disarmament remain gloomy".

The authors of the new SIPRI study agree that the effects of proliferation may never be turned back, noting that despite the numeric decrease in warheads, all nine nuclear powers are "either developing or deploying new weapon systems or have announced their intention to do so".

"The ambitious United States modernisation plan presented by the Obama Administration is in stark contrast to President Barack Obama's pledge to reduce the number of nuclear weapons and the role they play in United States national security strategy", said Hans Kristensen, co-author to the SIPRI Yearbook.



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